10 Interesting Facts about the Great Sphinx

These interesting facts about the Great Sphinx will give you more information about it. The Great Sphinx of Giza is a statue made from limestone located on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. Sphinx is described as a mythical creature with a lion’s body and a human head. The Egyptologists believe that the face of the Sphinx represents the Pharaoh Khafra’s face. Below are the detail facts about the Great Sphinx.

Facts about the Great Sphinx 1: Names of the Sphinx

In the New Kingdom, the Sphinx was called Hor-em-akhet while in Medieval Arab it is called balhib and bilhaw. The modern Egyptian Arabic name of Sphinx is ??? ????? (Ab? al H?l); it means “The Terrifying One”.

Facts about the Great Sphinx 2: Pharaoh Khafra

The Sphinx’s face is believed as the representation of Pharaoh Khafra. Pharaoh Khafra was an ancient Egyptian king (pharaoh) of 4th dynasty during the Old Kingdom. He was the son of Khufu and the throne successor of Djedefre.

Facts 2 (Pharaoh Khafra)

Facts 2 (Pharaoh Khafra)

Facts about the Great Sphinx 3: Medical Analysis

Interestingly, the Sphinx might be a representation of Prognathism or “Lion-like” Leontiasis ossea. Surgeon Hutan Ashrafian from Imperial College London has analyzed the Sphinx to identify that it may have represented an individual suffering from prognathism. Prognathism is the positional relationship of the mandible to the skeletal base where either of the jaws protrudes beyond a predetermined imaginary line in the coronal plane of the skull.

Facts about the Great Sphinx 4: The Great Sphinx as Anubis

Based on his identification on the style of the eye make-up and the style of the pleats on the head-dress, Robert K. G. Temple stated that at the first the Sphinx was a statue of the Jackal-Dog Anubis, the God of the Necropolis. The Sphinx’s face was re-carved in the similar appearance of a Middle Kingdom pharaoh, Amenemhet II.

Facts 4 (The Great Sphinx as Anubis)

Facts 4 (The Great Sphinx as Anubis)

Facts about the Great Sphinx 5: Racial Characteristics

Several authors have proposed their opinion about the “Negroid” characteristics in the face of the Sphinx over the years. This issue has become part of the Ancient Egyptian race controversy, with respect to the ancient population as a whole. Check out facts about the Great Exhibition here

Facts about the Great Sphinx 6: Missing Nose

When you look carefully at the Sphinx’s face, the one-meter-wide nose on the face is missing. The Arab historian believes that the nose was destroyed by Sa’im al-Dahr because of his rage toward local peasants. Others story described that the nose was broken off by a cannonball fired by Napoleon’s soldiers.

Facts 6 (Missing Nose)

Facts 6 (Missing Nose)

Facts about the Great Sphinx 7: New Kingdom Era

In the New Kingdom era, the Sphinx was believed as the representation of the godHor-em-akhet (Hellenized: Harmachis) or Horus at the Horizon. It represented the pharaoh in his role as the Shesep-ankh (English: Living Image) of the god Atum.

Facts about the Great Sphinx 8: The Largest Monolith Statue in the World

The Great Sphinx has 73.5 meters height, 19.3 meters width and 20.22 meters height. These measurements make the Great Sphinx as the largest monolith statue in the world.

Facts 8 (The Largest Monolith Statue in the World)

Facts 8 (The Largest Monolith Statue in the World)

Facts about the Great Sphinx 9: Documentaries

A documentary entitled Mystery of the Sphinx was released in 2007. This documentary won an Emmy Award for Best Research.

Facts about the Great Sphinx 10: The Riddle of the Sphinx

The Sphinx is believed to have guarded the entrance to the Greek city of Thebes, and to have asked a riddle of travelers to allow them passage. The most famous riddle in history is “Which creature has one voice and yet becomes four-footed and two-footed and three-footed?” Check out facts about the Great Barrier Reef here

Facts 10 (The Riddle of the Sphinx)

Facts 10 (The Riddle of the Sphinx)

Hopefully those interesting facts about the Great Sphinx will enrich your source of reading.

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