10 Interesting Facts about The Gobi Desert

These interesting facts about the Gobi Desert will give you knowledge and information to know more about it. The Gobi Desert is a large desert region which covers parts of northern and northwestern China, and of southern Mongolia.  It is made up of several distinct ecological and geographic regions. Below are some details facts about the Gobi Desert.

Facts about the Gobi Desert 1: Names

In Mongolian, the Gobi is known as ???? or Govi means semidesert. In Chinese, it has several different names like ?? (Sh?mò, a generic term for deserts) and ?? (Hành?i, “endless sea”).

Facts about the Gobi Desert 2: Measurement

The Gobi Desert covers 1,295,000 km2 (500,002 sq mi) of Asia. Its length is 1,500 km(932 mi), SE/NW while its width 800 km(497 mi), N/S.

Facts 2 (Measurement)

Facts 2 (Measurement)

Facts about the Gobi Desert 3: Climate

The Gobi desert has extreme and low temperatures. It is a cold desert, with frost and sometimes snow occurring on its dunes. The wind from the Siberian Steppes can make the Gobi to reach extremes of temperature ranging from –40 °C (–40 °F) in winter to +50 °C (122 °F) in summer. Find more facts about the First World War here

Facts about the Gobi Desert 4: Oyuu Tolgoi

In Oyuu Tolgoi, there was found large copper and gold deposits. The Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold mine is the biggest economic undertaking in the country’s history. Rio Tinto the constructor of the Oyuu Tolgoi predicts average annual production of 450,000 tons of copper and 330,000 ounces of gold, and with 1.4 billion tons of reserves and a resource of 3.1 billion tons.

Facts 4 (Oyuu Tolgoi)

Facts 4 (Oyuu Tolgoi)

Facts about the Gobi Desert 5: Desertification

Desertification is the expansion process of desert. The Gobi’s desertification is particularly rapid on the southern edge into China, which has seen 3,600 km2 (1,390 sq mi) of grassland overtaken every year.

Facts about the Gobi Desert 6: Ecoregions of the Gobi

The Gobi is categorized into five distinct dry ecoregions, there are Eastern Gobi desert steppe, Alashan Plateau semi-desert, Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe, Dzungarian Basin semi-desert and Tian Shan range.

Facts 6 (Ecoregions of the Gobi)

Facts 6 (Ecoregions of the Gobi)

Facts about the Gobi Desert 7: Eastern Gobi Desert Steppe

It is located in the easternmost of the Gobi ecoregions, covering an area of 281,800 km2 (108,804 sq mi. Yin Mountains and many low-lying areas with salt pans and small ponds are belonging to this ecoregions. Find more facts about the French Language here

Facts about the Gobi Desert 8: Dzungarian Basin Semi-desert

In this ecoregion, there are the desert basin located between the Altai Mountains on the north and the Tian Shan range on the south.

Facts 8 (Dzungarian Basin semi-desert)

Facts 8 (Dzungarian Basin semi-desert)

Facts about the Gobi Desert 9: Alashan Plateau Semi-desert

It is located in the west and southwest of the Eastern Gobi desert steppe. The desert basins and low mountains are the parts of this area.

Facts about the Gobi Desert 10: Nomadic People

The Gobi Desert is mainly inhabited by nomadic people. In the beginning 20th century the region was under the nominal control of Manchu-China, and inhabited mostly by Mongols, Uyghurs, and Kazakhs.

Facts 10 (Nomadic People)

Facts 10 (Nomadic People)

Hopefully those interesting facts about The Gobi Desert will enrich your sources of reading.

 

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