This article will discuss about some interesting facts about the Element Neon which are related to Neon. Neon is kind of a chemical element which has atomic number 10. Based on the element category in the periodic table, it belongs to noble gases. It is a colorless, odorless, inert monatomic gas under standard conditions, with about two-thirds the density of air. Below are the following facts about Neon.
Facts about the Element Neon 1: Etymology
The term Neon is derived from the Greek word, ????, neuter singular form of ???? [neos], meaning new.
Facts about the Element Neon 2: History
Neon was discovered by the British chemists Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers in London, England in 1898. It was discovered when Ramsay chilled a sample of air until it became a liquid, then warmed the liquid and captured the gases as they boiled off. They could identify the other gases but after identified krypton they found a gas which gave a brilliant red light under spectroscopic discharge. Then, this gas was named neon.
Facts about the Element Neon 3: Eye Catchers
In 1912, Claude’s associate began selling neon discharge tubes as advertising signs. Until now the bright color of neon is used as eye catcher in advertisement.
Facts about the Element Neon 4: The Second-Lightest Noble Gas
After helium, Neon is the second lightest noble gas. It will glow reddish-orange in a vacuum discharge tube.
Facts about the Element Neon 5: Neon is Monatomic
Its monatomic makes neon lighter than nitrogen and nitrogen which have diatomic molecules. When a balloon filled with neon will rise in air, albeit more slowly than helium balloon.
Facts about the Element Neon 6: Abundance of Neon in the Universe
Neon is the fifth most abundant chemical element in the universe by mass. The other four are hydrogen, helium, oxygen and carbon. Its abundance is about 1 part in 750 in the universe. While in the proto-solar system nebula, it’s about 1 part in 600.
Facts about the Element Neon 7: Rarity of Neon on Earth
Different from the Neon’s abundance in the universe, it is rare on earth. It is found at 1 part in 55,000 or 18.2 ppm by volume in the Earth’s atmosphere. Find out facts about the Egyptian Pyramids here.
Facts about the Element Neon 8: The Use of Neon
It is often used in signs light, vacuum tubes, high-voltage indicators, lightning arrestors, wave meter tubes, television tubes, and helium–neon lasers.
Facts about the Element Neon 9: Considered to be Inert
In the periodic table, Neon is the first p-block noble gas. It is generally considered to be inert. Inert refers to a substance that is not chemically reactive. The noble gases were previously known as inert gases because of their perceived lack of participation in any chemical reactions. However, it is now known that noble gases in fact do react to form chemical compounds. Find more facts about The Earth’s Crust here.
Facts about the Element Neon 10: The Expensive Gas
Neon gas and liquid gas are quite expensive for small quantities. Compared to liquid of helium it can be more than 55 times of the liquid helium’s price. It is caused by the rarity of neon.
Those facts about The Neon perhaps will give you additional resources of your reading list.