These interesting facts about the Crusade will give you knowledge and information to know more about it. The Crusades were campaigns sanctioned by the Latin Roman Catholic Church during the High Middle Ages and Late Middle Ages. Below are some details facts about the Crusade.
Facts about the Crusade 1: The Terminology
Crusade term comes from different language. It is “croisade” in French and “cruzada” in Spanish. The term “Crusade” itself is a modern term. The first use in English was in 1757 by William Shenstone.
Facts about the Crusade 2: The Numbering
During 1096 until 1291, historian believed there were seven major Crusades and several minor ones. Despite of that, some historians consider the Fifth Crusade of Frederick II as two distinct crusades. The same believed for the Crusade launched by Louis IX.
Facts about the Crusade 3: Historians’ View
There are some views about the Crusades from historians, some of them see the Crusades as part of a purely defensive war against Islamic conquest; some see them as part of long-running conflict at the frontiers of Europe; and others see them as confident, aggressive, papal-led expansion attempts by Western Christendom.
Facts about the Crusade 4: The Difference between the Crusades and other Holy Wars
The difference between and other holy wars was that the authorization to carry out these wars came directly from the pope. The pope claimed to be working on behalf of Christ.
Facts about the Crusade 5: Frank the Latin
Frank is a term refers to a European from Western and Central Europe. They come from areas that followed the Latin rites of Christianity under the authority of the Pope in Rome.
Facts about the Crusade 6: Role of Women
Historians argue that the main role did by women in the West was maintaining the status quo. They were intricately connected with the Crusades, aiding the recruitment of crusading men, taking on responsibility in their absence, and providing financial and moral support.
Facts about the Crusade 7: Children’s Crusade
Children’s Crusade happened in 1212, it is a movement a number of peasant teenagers and young people. Some of them were under 15 years old. A band of several thousand youth and young men, led by a German named Nicholas, set out for Italy.
Facts about the Crusade 8: The First Crusade
The first Crusade happened in 1095. It is a reaction of Christian’s armies from Western Europe to Pope Urban II’s plea to restore Christian access to holy places in and near Jerusalem.
Facts about the Crusade 9: The Finance
Crusades are cost much. Pope Urban II commanded the rich to help those who were “less well-off” and subsidized knights. The total cost of crusades of 1284-1285 to King Louis IX of France was at about 1,537,570 livres, which was six times his annual income.
Facts about the Crusade 10: Crusades of the 14th and 15th centuries
In the 14th and 15th centuries, various crusades were launched to counter the expanding Ottoman Empire.
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