These following facts about the Element Nickel might give you some information which you need to know. Nickel is a type of a chemical element which has atomic number 28. This is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Below are the detail lists about nickel.
Facts about the Element Nickel 1: History
The used of nickel in the past can be found in Chinese manuscripts suggesting that “white copper” (cupronickel, known as baitong) was used there between 1700 and 1400 BCE. While in 1751, Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt was trying to extract copper from kupfernickel. Instead of copper, he produced a white metal which he named it nickel.
Facts about the Element Nickel 2: Atomic and Physical Properties
Nickel is one of four elements (iron, cobalts and gadolinium) that are magnetic at or near room temperature. It is hard and ductile and belongs to the transition metals.
Facts about the Element Nickel 3: Concentrated in Earth’s Outer and Inner Cores
According to geophysical evidence, most of the nickel on Earth is postulated to be concentrated in the Earth’s outer and inner cores. Laterites and Magmatic Sulfide Deposits are two types of ore deposits which have nickel.
Facts about the Element Nickel 4: Component of Coins
Since the mid-19th century, nickel has been a component of coins. It is used in the United States in copper nickel Flying Eagle cent in 1857 – 1958. Then in 1859 – 1864, nickel was applied to the Indian Head Cent. While in 1881, coins of nearly pure nickel were first used in Switzerland. Find out more about facts about the Ecosystem here.
Facts about the Element Nickel 5: Nickel Producer
The US Geological Survey reports that Philippines, Indonesia, Russia, Canada and Australia are the world’s largest producers of nickel.
Facts about the Element Nickel 6: The Use of Nickel
Nickel has various applications in industrial and consumer products. It is used for plating, fire assay, a binder in the cemented tungsten carbide or hard metal industry. In addition, its foam is used in gas diffusion electrodes for alkaline fuel cells.
Facts about the Element Nickel 7: Resistant to Corrosion
Nickel has a resistance to corrosion. Because of its resistance to corrosion, nickel has been occasionally used historically as a substitute for decorative silver. Check out facts about The Ear here.
Facts about the Element Nickel 8: Magnetostrictive Material
Known as magnetic material, nickel is a naturally magnetostrictive material, It means in the presence of magnetic field the material undergoes a small change in length.
Facts about the Element Nickel 9: Biological Role
In 1970s, nickel has been recognized to have important roles in the biology of microorganisms and plants. Nickel can be found in the plant enzyme urease, the NiFe-hydrogenases, Methanosarcina and so forth.
Facts about the Element Nickel 10: Allergen of the Year
In 2008, the American Contact Dermatitis Society voted Nickel as Allergen of the Year. One of the example nickel allergies can be found because of earring. Earring which is containing nickel can make the skin red and itchy.
Those are some Facts about The Element Nickel. Perhaps after reading those facts you will have additional information about Nickel.