The term biome is usually referred to ecosystems. Biome is defined as contiguous areas with similar climatic conditions on the Earth, such as communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms. One of the types of biomes is freshwater biomes. Here are served facts about the Freshwater Biome to increase your knowledge about it. It is a subset of Earth’s aquatic ecosystems. The examples of freshwater biomes are lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, springs and wetlands. Check the list below to know more about the freshwater biome.
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 1: Freshwater Ecosystem
41% of the world’s known fish species can be found in Freshwater ecosystems. It covers 0.80% of the Earth’s surface and inhabits 0.009% of its total water.
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 2: Three Basic Types
Freshwater Biome has three basic types as follows: Lentic (pool, ponds and lakes), Lotic (streams and rivers) and Wetlands.
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 3: Lentic
Lentic is a freshwater biome with slow moving water. Ponds and Lake are included in this freshwater biome. Lake ecosystems usually divide into three zones named Littoral Zone, Photic Zone (Open-water zone) and Aphotic Zone (Deep-water Zone). While the ponds are divided into four zones: vegetation zone, open water, bottom mud and surface film..
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 4: Lotic
Lotic is a freshwater biome with faster moving water. The main ecosystem of Lotic is River ecosystem. In river ecosystems, the major zones are determined by the river bed’s gradient or by the velocity of the current.
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 5: Wetlands
Wetlands are areas where the soil is saturated or inundated for at least part of the time. It is dominated by vascular plants that have adapted to saturated soil. It is the most productive natural ecosystems in the world because of the proximity of water and soil. Find more facts about the Flute here
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 6: Animals
The Freshwater Biome has various animals like crocodiles, shrimp, snails, beetles, water bugs, hippopotamus, turtles, frogs, snakes, ducks, and various fish.
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 7: Plants
The Freshwater Biome has various aquatic plants. It is included tamarack, grass, sedges, pond lilies, cattails and algae. Algae are a very important source of food for aquatic life. In aquatic ecosystems, species such as algae experience a population increase (Algal Bloom). Algal bloom can cause declines in fish when they decay. Check out facts about the First World War here
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 8: Eutrophication
Eutrophication is common chemical stresses on freshwater ecosystem health. One example is the great increase of phytoplankton in a water body as a response to increased levels of nutrients.
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 9: Extinction of freshwater fauna
Since 1900, over 123 freshwater fauna species have gone extinct in North America. The rates of extinction increase because of invasive species, loss of keystone species, and species which are already functionally extinct.
Facts about the Freshwater Biome 10: Environmental Threat
For Lotic, loss of water, dams, chemical pollution and introduced species can be the serious threat. For the example, a dam can produce negative effects that continue down the watershed.
Hopefully, those interesting facts about the Freshwater Biome can enrich your information about the Freshwater Biome.