These are the following facts about the Element Mercury. What the first thing light up your mind when you heard the word mercury? Dangerous cosmetics materials or toxic in some fish? Both are quite popular information related to mercury. Mercury is kind of chemical element, it is known as quicksilver. It is symbolized with Hg and has atomic number 80. Its appearance is silvery. To know more about mercury, check the detail list below:
Facts about the Element Mercury 1: Etymology
The term mercury comes from the names of Roman god Mercury. The God is known for his speed and mobility. While the modern chemical symbol Hg comes from hydrargyrum. Hydrargyrum is a Latinized form of the Greek word which has meaning water-silver.
Facts about the Element Mercury 2: History
Mercury was found by scientist in a tomb of Egyptians which is from 1500 BC. The ancient Egyptians and Romans used mercury in cosmetics while the ancient Greeks used it in ointments. For more information about Eiffel Tower you can click this.
Facts about the Element Mercury 3: Ironic Use for Health in Ancient China
In ancient China, mercury was believed to prolong life, health fractures and maintain a good health. Qin alchemists unintentionally killed Qín Sh? Huáng Dì, the first emperor of China, by giving him a drink which is containing powdered jade and mercury. The drink was intended to give eternal life for him.
Facts about the Element Mercury 4: Unique Physical Properties
Mercury is a heavy silvery metal which has boiling point of 356.73 °C and freezing point of ?38.83 °C. The boiling and freezing point of mercury is low for metal. It makes mercury the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. If you want to know more about the ecosystem, please read this.
Facts about the Element Mercury 5: The Use of Mercury
Mercury commonly used in fluorescent lamps, thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, and other devices.
Facts about the Element Mercury 6: Medicine Uses
Mercury and its compounds have been used in medicine, even though today are much less common. For the example Thiomersal used as a preservative in vaccines and merbromin used for minor cuts and scrapes. Now, the use of mercury in medicine has greatly refused in all respects, especially in developed countries.
Facts about the Element Mercury 7: Laboratory Uses
In laboratory uses, mercury can be found in liquid mirror telescopes, thermometers, dropping mercury electrode and the hanging mercury drop electrode.
Facts about the Element Mercury 8: Mercury and Cosmetics
In the manufacture of mascara, mercury (thiomersal) is widely used. It is also used for skin care products, usually products to make the skin brighter. Nowadays, the use of mercury is banned because of the toxic effect.
Facts about the Element Mercury 9: Occupational Exposure
The World Health Organization (WHO), OSHA, and NIOSH treat mercury as an occupational hazard, and have established specific occupational exposure limits. The long-term, low-level exposure has been associated with fatigue, irritability, loss of memory, vivid dreams and depression
Facts about the Element Mercury 10: Minamata disease
The popular and serious industrial disaster of mercury effect is Minamata disease. The dumping of mercury compounds into Minamata Bay, Japan made over 3,000 people suffered various deformities. Those people suffered severe mercury poisoning symptoms.
Hope those facts about the Element Mercury will give you information and make you more aware about the effect of mercury.