In this article, we will talk about the interesting facts about the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean covers approximately 20% of the water on the Earth’s surface. It is the third largest of the world’s oceanic divisions. To know more about it, these are some important facts about the Indian Ocean which can enrich your reading resources.
Facts about the Indian Ocean 1: Boundary
The Indian Ocean is bounded by Asia on the north, on the west by Africa, on the east by Australia, and on the south by the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, by Antarctica).
Facts about the Indian Ocean 2: Hydrology
Deep water circulation is controlled primarily by inflows from the Atlantic Ocean, the Red Sea, and Antarctic currents. Surface water salinity ranges from 32 to 37 parts per 1000, the highest occurring in the Arabian Sea and in a belt between southern Africa and south-western Australia.
Facts about the Indian Ocean 3: Rivers
The Zambezi, Shatt al-Arab, Indus, Ganges, Narmada, Brahmaputra, Irawaddy, and Jubba are few names of large rivers flowing into the Indian Ocean. Find more facts about the GAA here
Facts about the Indian Ocean 4: Trade
The Indian Ocean provides major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa, and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. It brings a part of heavy traffic of petroleum and petroleum products from the oil fields of the Indonesia and Persian Gulf.
Facts about the Indian Ocean 5: Climate
The Indian Ocean is the warmest ocean in the world. The climate north of the equator is affected by a monsoon climate. From October until April, there will be Strong north-east winds while south and west winds prevail from May until October
Facts about the Indian Ocean 6: Fishing
Fishing is confined to subsistence levels, because its fish are of great and growing importance to the bordering countries for domestic consumption and export. Fishing fleets from Russia, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan also exploit the Indian Ocean, mainly for shrimp and tuna.
Facts about the Indian Ocean 7: Major Ports and Harbors
There are major ports and harbors located in the Indian Ocean such as The Port of Singapore, Mumbai Port, Chennai Port, Chittagong, Colombo, Aden, Fremantle and so forth. Find more facts about the Great Wall of China here
Facts about the Indian Ocean 8: The Busiest Port in the Indian Ocean
Major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa, and East Asia with Europe and the Americas is provided by the Indian Ocean. The busiest port in the Indian Ocean can be found in the Port of Singapore which is located in the Strait of Malacca where it meets the Pacific.
Facts about the Indian Ocean 9: Tsunami
On 26 December 2004, the countries surrounding the Indian Ocean were hit by a tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. The waves resulted in more than 226,000 deaths and over 1 million people were left homeless.
Facts about the Indian Ocean 10: Piracy in Somalia
Somali pirates have attacked hundreds of vessels in the Indian Ocean region, though most attacks do not result in a successful hijacking. In 2008, there were 111 attacks which included 42 successful hijackings. However, this is only a fraction of the up to 30,000 merchant vessels which pass through that area.
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