10 Interesting Facts about the Liver

This article will discuss about some interesting facts about the Liver. The liver is one of vertebrates organs which is vital and belongs on some other animals. It has much kind of functions, such as detoxification of some metabolites and synthesis of protein. In human’s body, the liver placed  in the upper right part of the abdomen, under of diaphragm. Below are the following facts about the Liver.

Facts about the Liver 1: Largest Internal Organ

Liver is both the largest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body.  A human liver at normally has the weighs are 1.44–1.66 kg. At the newly birth, the liver has mass roughly 4% of body weight and it has average weight  120g. At a growing section,  it will increase to 1,4–1,6 kg but will only take up 2.5–3.5% of body weight.

Facts about the Liver 2: Position

The Liver is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdoment. It rests just below the diaphragm, to the right of the stomach and overlying the gallbladder. Find more facts about the Indus River here

Facts 2 (Position)

Facts 2 (Position)

Facts about the Liver 3: Two Large Blood Vessels

The Liver is connected to two large blood vessels, the hepatic artery and the portal vein. The hepatic artery carries oxygen-rich blood from the aorta, whereas the portal vein carries blood rich in digested nutrients from the entire gastrointestinal tract and also from the spleen and pancreas.

Facts about the Liver 4: Gross Anatomy

Based on the Gross Anatomy, the Liver as viewed from the (diaphragmatic) surface is divided into a right and left lobe. While the underside (the visceral surface) shows it to be divided into four lobes and includes the caudate and quadrate lobes.

Facts 4 (Gross Anatomy)

Facts 4 (Gross Anatomy)

Facts about the Liver 5: Cells of the Liver

There are two major types of cells of the liver: parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells. 80% of the liver volume is occupied by parenchymal cells commonly referred to as hepatocytes. Non-parenchymal cells constitute 40% of the total number of liver cells but only 6.5% of its volume.

Facts about the Liver 6: Functions

The liver has a wide range of functions, including detoxification of various metabolites, protein synthesis, and the production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. It also stores a multitude of substances such as glucose, vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin B12, copper and iron.

Facts 6 (Functions)

Facts 6 (Functions)

Facts about the Liver 7: Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a common condition of inflammation of the liver. The most usual cause of this is viral, and the most common of these infections are hepatitis A B C D and E. Some of these infections are sexually transmitted. Find more facts about the Iron Age here

Facts about the Liver 8: Diagnosis

The diagnosis of liver function is made by liver function tests, groups of blood tests, that can readily show the extent of liver unbalanced condition. If infection is suspected, then other serological tests will be carried out.

Facts 8 (Diagnosis)

Facts 8 (Diagnosis)

Facts about the Liver 9: Biopsy

Damage to the liver is sometimes determined with a biopsy, particularly when the cause of liver damage is unknown. It is the medical removal of tissue from a living subject to determine the presence or extent of a disease. In a biopsy, a needle is inserted into the skin just below the rib cage and a tissue sample obtained.

Facts about the Liver 10: Liver Transplantation

Liver transplantation is the only option for those with irreversible liver failed function. Most transplants are done for chronic liver diseases lead in to cirrhosis, such as chronic hepatitis C,  autoimmune hepatitis, alcoholism, and many others.

Facts 10 (Liver Transplantation)

Facts 10 (Liver Transplantation)

Those facts about the Liver perhaps will give you additional resources of your reading list

 

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