These following facts about The Element Zinc might give you some information which you need to know. Zinc is a chemical element which has five stable isotopes. It is the 24th most abundant element in Earth’s crust. This first element of group 12 of the periodic table also known as spelter in commerce. For further information, check the lists about Zinc below.
Facts about the Element Zinc 1: Naming
In the 16th century, Paracelsus is probably the first man who documented the name of the metal. He named it “zincum” or “zinken” in his book Liber Mineralium II. It is probably derived from the German zinke, and supposedly meant “tooth-like, pointed or jagged” (metallic zinc crystals have a needle-like appearance).
Facts about the Element Zinc 2: History
In the past, zinc ores were used to make the zinc–copper alloy brass. From the 14th to 10th centuries BC, Judean Brass contains 23% zinc. Around 30 BC, the Romans made brass by heating powdered calamine (zinc silicate or carbonate), charcoal and copper together in a crucible.
Facts about the Element Zinc 3: Physical Properties
Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous, diamagnetic metal and less dense than iron. It has relatively low melting (419.5 °C, 787.1 F) and boiling points (907 °C). Its melting point is the lowest of all the transition metals aside from mercury and cadmium.
Facts about the Element Zinc 4: Compounds
One of the zinc compounds is organozinc compound. Organozinc compounds are those that contain zinc–carbon covalent bonds. The simplest example of an organic compound of zinc is the acetate.
Facts about the Element Zinc 5: Alloy
An alloy is a material composed of two or more metals or a metal and a nonmetal. There are many alloys contain zinc, including brass, an alloy of copper and zinc. Other metals long known to form binary alloys with zinc are iron, mercury, silver, gold, aluminium, tin, magnesium, cobalt, nickel and sodium.
Facts about the Element Zinc 6: Dietary Supplement
Zinc has various applications; one of them is used for dietary supplement. It is include in daily vitamin and supplements. It is believed as antioxidant properties which may protect the skin from accelerated aging process.
Facts about the Element Zinc 7: Topical Use
Besides used as dietary supplement, it can be used on the skin to protect sunburn in the summer and windburn in the winter. In toothpastes and mouthwashes, chelated zinc is used to prevent bad breath. Check out facts about The Byzantine Empire here.
Facts about the Element Zinc 8: Zinc Deficiency
The WHO advocates zinc supplementation for severe malnutrition and diarrhea. Zinc supplements help prevent disease and reduce mortality, especially among children with low birth weight or stunted growth. It can be associated with malabsorption, acrodermatitis enteropathica, chronic liver disease, chronic renal disease, sickle cell disease, diabetes, malignancy, and other chronic illnesses.
Facts about the Element Zinc 9: Toxicity
Regardless its benefit, excess Zinc can be harmful. The free zinc ion in solution is highly toxic to plants, invertebrates, and even vertebrate fish. Find more about The Burj Khalifa here.
Facts about the Element Zinc 10: Industrial Uses
The use of Zinc is common in industrial area. Zinc oxide is one of the examples widely used as a white pigment in paints, and as a catalyst in the manufacture of rubber.
Those are some facts about The Element Zinc. So after reading those facts you will have additional information about Zinc.